An executive non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, the Environment Agency was Established in 1996 and works to create better places for people and wildlife, and support sustainable development.
Among other critical responsibilities, the EA are also responsible for managing the risk of flooding from main rivers, reservoirs, estuaries and the sea. Lead local flood authorities are responsible for managing the risk of flooding from surface water, groundwater and ordinary watercourses and lead on community recovery, including making sandbags available to those that need them.
The Regional Flood and Coastal Committees (RFCCs) were set up by the Environment Agency under the Flood and Water Management Act 2010. They bring together members appointed by Lead Local Flood Authorities (LLFAs) and independent members with relevant experience for 3 purposes:
to ensure there are coherent plans for identifying, communicating and managing flood and coastal erosion risks across catchments and shorelines
to encourage efficient, targeted and risk-based investment in flood and coastal erosion risk management that represents value for money and benefits local communities
to provide a link between the Environment Agency, LLFAs, other risk management authorities, and other relevant bodies to build understanding of flood and coastal erosion risks in its area